Oklahoma Record: 8lbs.
- 9.25 pounds, caught in Lake Perris, California in 1987.
Description: Is similar in appearance
to the largemouth bass. Has green to olive-green hue; white, mottled
belly; and a broad stripe of broken blotches, usually diamond-shaped,
along the midline of the body. Unlike the largemouth, the spotted bass
has scales on the base portion of the second dorsal fin; its first and
second dorsal fin are clearly connected, and its upper jaw does not
extend past the eye. Above the lateral line there are dark markings, and
below the lateral line the scales have dark bases that give rise to the
linear rows of small spots which are responsible for the common name.
Kentucky bass, Kentucky spotted bass, northern spotted bass, Alabama
spotted bass, Wichita spotted bass, black bass, smallmouth bass and
Three are recognized: the northern spotted bass (M. p. punctulatus) has
60 to 68 scales along the lateral line, the Alabama spotted bass (M. p.
henshalli) has 68 to 75 scales along the lateral line, and the Wichita
spotted bass (M. p. wichitae) usually has 13 dorsal rays and often lacks
rows of black spots along lower side of body. Spotted bass can be found
from Texas to the Florida panhandle including Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee
and Kentucky. The Wichita spotted bass (thought by some to be extinct) is
limited to the West Cache Creek, Oklahoma. The Alabama spotted bass has
been introduced into Sardis.
Has been recorded from the several river systems in Oklahoma. The spotted
bass is native to streams in eastern Oklahoma and the Wichita Mountains
in southwestern Oklahoma. It is also present in many man-made lakes in
Prefers rock and gravel substrates in streams, rivers and lakes and
tolerates a fairly wide range of water clarity.
Spawns very much like the largemouth. Spawning occurs in the spring when
water temperatures reach 60 to 65 degrees. Sexually mature mates build
saucer-shaped nests on a soft, clay bottom or on gravel bars generally
near brush, logs or other heavy cover. The eggs hatch in four or five
days, yielding up to 3,000 fry per nest.
The principal food items are crayfish, fish and aquatic insects. The
species is less piscivorous than other black basses and seems to be more
selective in its feeding habits.
Tends to grow slower than largemouth bass and does not attain as large a
size as other species. The young grow to 1-1/2 to 4 inches the first
summer. Maturity is reached at about seven inches. Average lengths for
fish aged 1 to 8 years are 4, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18 inches
Strong fighters when caught on light tackle. Popular lures and baits
include jigs, crankbaits, spinners, small plastic worms and crayfish.
White, flaky meat with good flavor. Generally considered better eating
Additional information provided by:
ODWC-Central Region- Fisheries
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